Research Professor in Solar Energy and Opto-electronics at Swansea University.Current research interests include thin film photovoltaic (PV) research, transparent conducting oxides (TCOs), MOCVD of II-VI semiconductors, in-line deposition of thin film coatings for thin film PV, PV module fabrication, inkjet printing of metal contacts, characterisation of PV devices and PV modules. Interest in the fundamental mechanisms of MOCVD include reaction kinetics, precursor chemistry and nucleation mechanisms. The PV research entails innovative methods for improving PV module efficiency such as light management and extending the spectral range of PV devices. Monitoring of PV systems is aimed at exploring methods for extracting more energy under different climatic conditions. Other aspects of research into PV performance include long term degradation mechanisms and carbon footprint of PV module manufacture. Professor Irvine has a particularly interest in novel PV materials and devices for Building Integrated PV (BIPV) systems and PV for space applications.
Senior Research Officer
Dan is currently researching high-power, low-weight, flexible thin film photovoltaics for space application. The research is conducted in collaboration with Surrey University, Qioptiq Space Technology and Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd. The project has led to the first reported direct deposition of a thin film solar cell onto 100 micron thick space qualified cover glass. Initial targets have been exceeded with published solar cell conversion efficiency of 15 % and demonstration of durability with excellent adhesion of the solar cells subjected to extreme thermal shock testing. Most recently, Dan has collaborated with the Surrey Space Centre to build a flight demonstrator of the CSER solar cell which is now orbiting the earth on the UK Space Agency’s AlSat Nano satellite. The solar cell on-board AlSat Nano will feed-back live data on the cells performance and give this new technology the all important space heritage.
Andy is currently working on thin film tin sulphide (SnS) photovoltaics (PV) using a prototype inline metal organic chemical vapour deposition (MOCVD) reactor. He also works on transparent conducting oxides (TCOs) using a large area inline MOCVD system and is currently focused on aluminium doped zinc oxide (AZO), as well as using zinc oxide (ZnO) as a resistive barrier layer. Andy is working towards an Earth abundant non-toxic solar cell device and has interests in the investigation of suitable n-type buffer/window layers for an effective p-n junction in a SnS-based solar cell. Other interests include the CVD approach for fabrication of perovskite films for improvement of structure stability and long term performance of solar cells using tin halides. Andy has designed and built a gas delivery system for perovskite CVD, with use of metal organic chemical precursors and capability for industrial scale-up. He has also established a robust platform process for thin film cadmium telluride (CdTe) PV with tight control on all MOCVD process parameters from substrate to solar cell device. This included development of ultra-thin CdTe solar cells, working towards reducing material consumption and production costs for commercial manufacture.
Giray Kartopu joined CSER in 2010, after serving other postdoctoral research associate positions at the University of Applied Sciences Kiel in Germany (2004-2008) and The University of Nottingham (2008-2010). His initial work involved synthesis and characterisation of the functional properties of quantum dots, nanowire arrays, and thin films. He has published 1 book chapter (title: Fabrication and applications of metal nanowire arrays electrodeposited in ordered porous templates) and about 40 papers. His current research interests include deposition and optimisation of thin film solar cells and modules by MOCVD, inkjet deposition (metallic contacts), and in-line MOCVD for the scale up.“
Senior Technical Officer / Laboratory Manager
Steve has been active in the research field of thin film semiconductors for 20+ years. He has worked on applications such as transparent conducting oxides (TCOs) and p/n junctions through to ultra-hard coatings. Some of the thin film materials studied have included zinc oxide, cadmium oxide, CdTe; all deposited by the metal organic chemical vapour deposition technique (MOCVD). He has experience of managing commercial projects and delivering custom designed thin film solutions from concept to demonstration coating. He has many years of experience in compound semiconductor research with expertise in crystal growth, thin film deposition of compound semiconductors using Metal Organic Chemical Vapour Deposition (MOCVD), materials characterisation and device physics. Experience in renewable energy includes photovoltaic (PV) solar energy based on compound semiconductor thin film materials, measurement of PV cell characteristics and PV cell design. Steve is an experienced Industrial electrician and has recently gained an MSc in Chemistry.
Peter joined the CSER team 5 years ago from industry. He is a multi-disciplined engineer who has 20 years R&D experience. Peter is responsible for the development, design and construction of new prototype test equipment and assists commercial companies with characterisation utilising many of the analytical equipment at CSER and product testing and development.
Emma joined CSER in 2009 after gaining her BA Hons in Leisure and Tourism Resource Management from Bangor University. Emma’s roles involve marketing, event coordination, business administration, finance and arranging travel itineraries for her colleagues at CSER.